The City of Fredericksburg is located on the Interstate 95 corridor in central Virginia midway between the nation's capital at Washington, D.C., and the state capital at Richmond. The Rappahannock River borders the city on its northern side. Tracing its history to the colonial era, Fredericksburg has long been known as an important center for industry and commerce, due largely to its strategic position as a crossroads for highway, rail, and water-based transportation.
The city is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Fredericksburg is approximately 50 miles from both Richmond and Washington, D. C. Norfolk is 143 miles to the southeast.